Topic outline

  • General

    Course Overview

    The Caribbean and its adjacent seas, including the Atlantic, have been the source region for 11 % of the world’s fatal tsunamis over history, with almost 100 tsunamis observed that have impacted 23 countries of this region. Caribbean nations must be prepared to face the dangers of tsunami from distant, regional and local sources. While many Caribbean Member countries continue to depend primarily on the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) for the warning advice to their National Tsunami Warning Centres, the reality of the dangers posed by local and regional sources does require Member States to: (i) identify and assess their tsunami risk; (ii) improve and expand the capabilities of their National Tsunami Warning Centres (NTWC)/Tsunami Warning Focal Points (TWFP) and Disaster Management Offices (NDMO) in order to respond to a tsunami in a timely and responsible manner to save lives; and (iii) engage in regional collaboration to build a strong warning and mitigation system.

    In this context, the International Tsunami Information Center (Hawaii), in collaboration with the IOC ICG/CARIBE-EWS Secretariat, the Caribbean Tsunami Information Center (CTIC), and the Caribbean Tsunami Warning Program (CTWP) organise a Regional Tsunami Training Workshop on Strengthening Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) for Tsunami Warning and Emergency Response and the Development of the ICG/CARIBE-EWS PTWC New Enhanced Products to be held at the La Romana Dreams Hotel in Bayahibe, Dominican Republic, 4-8 November 2013. The training has the support of UNESCO and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for Barbados and the OECS through the Enhancing Resilience to Reduce Vulnerability in the Caribbean (ERC) Project.
    Participants are: a) members of the country’s national tsunami warning centre/tsunami warning focal point, national disaster management office, or geohazards agency; and b) responsible for and involved in tsunami warning and emergency response operations, and/or responsible for their country's Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs). Participipating countries for this session are: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Dominican Republic, Haiti, St Kitts and Nevis, Sint Maarten, UK (Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Turk and Caicos), USA.

    Course dates: 4 - 8 November, 2013

    Venue: Dominican Republic


    • Bernardo Aliaga
    • Tammy Fukuji
    • Laura Kong
    • Charles McCreery
    • Christa von Hillebrandt-Andrade

    Link to event on IOC calendar: Regional Training on “Strengthening Standard Operating Procedures for Tsunami Warning and Emergency Response and the Development of the ICG/CARIBE-EWS PTWC New Enhanced Tsunami Products

    • 1. Course Opening Session

      Opening Ceremonies

      Logistics and other administrative items

      2.1    Course Overview

      by Laura Kong & Charles McCreery

    • 2. Tsunami Warning and Emergency Response – Overview

      2.2    End-to-End Tsunami Warning and Emergency Response – Overview
      2.3    Regional Partner Support to the ICG/CARIBE-EWS Tsunami Early Warning System - Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA), by Donna Pierre
      2.4    End-to-end Tsunami Warning – Stakeholders, Roles and Responsibilities, Standard Operating Procedures, and their linkages, by Laura Kong
      2.5    Lessons Learned from Past Tsunamis - Warning and Emergency Response, by Laura Kong

    • 3. Country Presentations - Tsunami Standard Operating Procedures

      3.1.    Country Presentations (10 min/country)

      • Antigua & Barbuda by Keithley Meade
      • Bahamas by Luke Bethel
      • Haiti by Bétonus PIERRE & Leriche BETHNAULD
      • Mexico
      • St Kitts & Nevis by St Kitts & Nevis Delegation
      • UK Anguilla
      • UK British Virgin Islands, by Jasen Penn
      • UK Turks & Caicos
      • USA Puerto Rico by Wildaomaris Gonzalez Ruiz
      • USA Virgin Islands

      3.2    Discussion: Challenges for achieving end-to-end TWS: Data, Resources, Communication, Stakeholders, Coordination, Evacuation

    • 4A. Science, Tsunami Warning, Tools

      4.1      Earthquake Seismology for Tsunami Warning - nomenclature, faulting, magnitude

      4.2      Tsunami Science for Tsunami Warning - generation, propagation, impact

      4.3      Tsunami Warning Centre Standard Operating Procedures – Concept of Operations, Overview on Routine and Event Operations, Flow Charts, Timelines, Checklists

      4.4      IOC Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Tsunami and Other Coastal Hazards Warning System for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions

      4.5      Caribbean Tsunami Hazards - historical and paleotsunami records

      4.6      ICG/CARIBE-EWS International Tsunami Warning Centers - PTWC and US NTWC (WC/ATWC) Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) for Monitoring and Detection of Earthquakes and Tsunamis, Evaluation of Tsunami Threat, Forecasting, Types of Products, and Message Dissemination

      4.7      Tsunami Warning Decision Support Tools: Earthquake and Sea Level Monitoring, PTWC SMS Alerts, Historical Databases, Tsunami Travel Time Calculation. (Installation and Training as needed during unscheduled times)

    • 4B. Emergency Response, Warning Dissemination

      4.8      Tsunami Emergency Response Standard Operating Procedures - Overview on Stakeholder Roles and Coordination, Event Operations, Timelines, Checklists

      4.9      Case Study: Warning Dissemination and Public Alerting – Authoritative agencies, media, and the public – US Emergency Alert System, Hawaii example

      4.10    Case Study: Warning Dissemination and Public Alerting – Authoritative agencies, media, and the public – JMA-NHK Warning Dissemination

      4.11    Emergency communication considerations and technologies for the downstream transmission of warnings to local governments and communities – TV / FM / HF / Radio, Sirens, Mobile Phones / SMS, Internet email/web, Social Media, etc – robustness, reliability, redundancy

      4.12    Learning Activity (individual followed by group discussion) – Official and Unofficial Information

    • 4C. Exercises, Preparedness, Evacuation

      4.13    Use of Exercises in Tsunami Preparedness: International / National / Local Exercises, Types, and Post-Exercise Evaluations, IOC Tsunami Wave Guidance, Exercise CARIBE WAVE 2013

      4.14    Tsunami preparedness and response - International Perspectives, including NZ Get Ready Get Thru, US TsunamiReady programs, Caribbean TsunamiSmart

      4.15    Public Coastal Evacuations: Alerting and Moving People, Inundation Modeling and Maps, Evacuation Routes and Signage, Safe return Evacuation Planning: Role and Value of Tsunami Inundation Modeling

      4.16    Vertical Evacuation and Refuge: Progress in Designing Tsunami-Resistant Structures

      4.17    Learning Activities (individual followed by group discussion) – Tsunami Warning and Emergency Response Timeline - What happens when?, Frequently-asked Questions

    • 4D. TWC and TER - Challenges and Limitations

      4.18    TWC Operations: Real-time earthquake source characterization and tsunami assessment - Challenges and Limitations

      4.19    TER Operations: Rapid Alerting and Evacuation - Challenges and Limitations

      4-B     Emergency Response, Warning Dissemination

      4-C     Exercises, Preparedness, Evacuation

    • 5. PTWC Tsunami Warning Operations - PTWC New Products

      5.1      PTWC Proposed ICG/CARIBE-EWS Enhanced Products: Overview - Why, What, When and How to Use, Limitations

      5.2      PTWC Proposed ICG/CARIBE-EWS Enhanced Products: Discussion and Feedback

    • 6. TWC and TER Special Topics, SOP Development

    • 7. Exercise

      7.1 Table Top Exercise – Background and Scenarios for Day 5

      7.2    Exercise Set-up according to Stakeholder Warning and Response Groups

      7.3    CARIBE-EWS Tsunami Exercise - PTWC and WC/ATWC messages

      7.4    Post-Exercise Evaluation - Report Preparation Instructions

      7.5    Post-Exercise Evaluation - Report Preparation

      7.6    Post-Exercise Evaluation Hotwash – Comments, Problems, Improvements

      7.7    Toward Building National and Regional Capabilities - Summary Discussion and Next Steps

    • 8. Presentation of Certificates, Closing Ceremony

      • Further Resources: Manuals

      • Video

        This video is about the ITIC Training Programme in the Caribbean during 2013 and 2014.