Topic outline

  • General

    The Caribbean and its adjacent seas, including the Atlantic, have been the source region for 11 % of the world’s fatal tsunamis over history, with almost 100 tsunamis observed that have impacted 23 countries of this region. Member States of the Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Tsunami and Other Coastal Hazards Warning System for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions (ICG/CARIBE) must be prepared to face the dangers of tsunamis from distant, regional and local sources. While many Caribbean Member countries continue to depend primarily on the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) for the warning advice to their National Tsunami Warning Centres, the reality of the dangers posed by local and regional sources does require Member States to: (i) identify and assess their tsunami risk; (ii) improve and expand the capabilities of their National Tsunami Warning Centres (NTWC)/Tsunami Warning Focal Points (TWFP) and Disaster Management Offices (NDMO) in order to respond to a tsunami in a timely and responsible manner to save lives; and (iii) engage in regional collaboration to build a strong warning and mitigation system.
    This Regional Tsunami Training Workshop on Strengthening Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) for Tsunami Warning and Emergency Response and the Development of the ICG/CARIBE-EWS PTWC New Enhanced Products will be held in Mexico City, Mexico, 1-5 April 2014. The training that will be conducted in English, with simultaneous Spanish translation.
    The training is being organized by the International Tsunami Information Center (Hawaii), in collaboration with the IOC ICG/CARIBE-EWS Secretariat, the Caribbean Tsunami Information Center (CTIC) and the Caribbean Tsunami Warning Program (CTWP), with the support of the United States Agency for International Development/Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance USAID/OFDA, UNESCO, the Government of Mexico through its Navy Secretary (Secretaria de Marina SEMAR), the Government of Barbados through its Department of Emergency Management and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Office for Barbados. 

    Course Dates: 1 - 5 April 2014

    Venue: Mexico

    Lecturers:

    • Bernardo Aliaga
    • Laura Kong
    • Alison Brome
    • Rosario Martinez Olvera

    Link to IOC Calendar: 

    Regional Tsunami Training Workshop on Strengthening Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) for Tsunami Warning and Emergency Response and the Development of the ICG/CARIBE-EWS PTWC New Enhanced Products

    • 1. Opening

      1.1 Opening Ceremonies
      1.2 Logistics and Administrative Items
      1.3 Regional Partner Support to the ICG/CARIBE-EWS Tsunami Early Warning System - Centro de Coordinación para la Prevención de los Desastres Naturales en América Central (CEPREDENAC)

    • 2. Overview

      2.1 Course Overview
      2.2 End-to-End Tsunami Warning and Emergency Response – Overview
      2.3 End-to-end Tsunami Warning – Stakeholders, Roles and Responsibilities, Standard Operating Procedures, and their linkages
      2.4 Lessons Learned from Past Tsunamis - Warning and Emergency Response

      • 3. Country Reports

        3.1 Country Presentations:

        - Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua


        3.2 Discussion: Challenges for achieving end-to-end TWS: Data, Resources, Communication, Stakeholders, Coordination, Evacuation

        • Topic 4

          4.2 Tsunami Science for Tsunami Warning - generation, propagation, impact
          4.3 Caribbean Tsunami Hazards - historical and paleotsunami records
          4.4 IOC Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Tsunami and Other Coastal Hazards Warning System for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions
          4.5 Tsunami Warning Centre Standard Operating Procedures – Concept of Operations, Overview on Routine and Event Operations, Flow Charts, Timelines, Checklists
          4.6 ICG/CARIBE-EWS International Tsunami Warning Centers - PTWC Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) for Monitoring and Detection of Earthquakes and Tsunamis, Evaluation of Tsunami Threat, Forecasting, Types of Products, and Message Dissemination
          4.7 Tsunami Emergency Response Standard Operating Procedures - Overview on Stakeholder Roles and Coordination, Event Operations, Timelines, Checklists
          4.8 Case Study: Warning Dissemination and Public Alerting – Authoritative agencies, media, and the public – US Emergency Alert System, Hawaii example
          4.9 Case Study: Warning Dissemination and Public Alerting – Authoritative agencies, media, and the public – JMA-NHK Warning Dissemination
          4.10 Tsunami Exercises: Types, Guidance, International Examples
          4.11 Learning Activity (individual followed by group discussion) – Official and Unofficial Information
          4.12 Tsunami Warning Decision Support Tools: Earthquake and Sea Level Monitoring, PTWC SMS Alerts, Historical Databases, Tsunami Travel Time Calculation. (Installation and Training as needed during unscheduled times)
          4.13 Emergency communications - Robustness, reliability, redundancy. Technologies for the downstream transmission of warnings to communities
          4.14 Tsunami preparedness: International Perspectives and Examples
          4.15 Tsunami preparedness in the Caribbean: Exercise CARIBEWAVE 2014, Caribbean TsunamiSmart, and other examples
          4.16 Public Coastal Evacuations: Inundation Modeling, Evacuation Maps, Routes and Signage, Safe Return
          4.17 Vertical Evacuation and Refuge: Progress in Designing Tsunami-Resistant Structures
          4.18 Learning Activities (individual followed by group discussion) – Tsunami Warning and Emergency Response Timeline - What happens when?, Frequently-asked Questions
          4.19 TWC Operations Challenges and Limitations: Real-time earthquake source characterization and Tsunami Assessment
          4.20 TER Operations Challenges and Limitations: Rapid Alerting and Evacuation

        • 5. PTWC Proposed New Enhanced Products

          5.1 PTWC Proposed ICG/CARIBE-EWS Enhanced Products: Overview - Why, What, When and How to Use, Limitations

          5.2 PTWC Proposed ICG/CARIBE-EWS Enhanced Products: Discussion and Feedback

          • 6. TWC, 7

            6.1.2 Real-time Earthquake Source Characterization - Advanced Topics, such as W-phase Centroid Moment Tensors, Finite Fault Rupture, Slow Earthquakes, Great and Gigantic Earthquakes
            6.1.3 Tsunami Assessment - Advanced Topics, such as Travel Time and Wave Forecasting including Techniques, Use and Limitations
            6.1.4 Creating Timeline-driven SOPs - How to Guidance, Explanation of Warning Center Templates for Distant and Local Threats, Flow Charts and Checklists.
            6.1.5 SOP Breakout Groups: Using Templates to Develop Timeline of Processes and Actions (Criteria for Action, Messages, Checklists, Information Dissemination, Media Information)
            6.1.6 Breakout Groups (cont'd)

            6.2.1 MORNING: TER SESSION TER Special Topics, SOP Development
            6.2.2 Community-level preparedness and education – Schools, Businesses, Special Needs Populations, Tourism Sector, Ports and Harbors
            6.2.3 Small Group Exercise - Evacuation Mapping
            6.2.4 Tsunami Emergency Response – Local Tsunami Threat – Wakayama, Japan Case Study
            6.2.5 Creating Timeline-driven SOPs - How to Guidance, Explanation of Response Templates for Distant and Local Threats, Flow Charts and Checklists
            6.2.6 SOP Breakout Groups: Using Templates to Develop General Roles and Responsibilities and Timeline of Processes and Actions (Criteria for Action, Evacuation Checklists, Information Dissemination, Media Information)
            6.2.7 Breakout Groups (cont'd)

          • 7. PLENARY Tsunami Exercise, Post-Exercise Evaluation

            7.1 Exercise Set-up according to Stakeholder Warning and Response Groups

            7.2 CARIBE-EWS Tsunami Exercise - PTWC messages
            7.3 Post-Exercise Evaluation - Report Preparation Guidance
            7.4 Post-Exercise Evaluation - Report Preparation
            7.5 Post-Exercise Evaluation Hotwash – Comments, Problems, Improvements
            7.6 Toward Building National and Regional Capabilities - Summary Discussion and Next Steps

          • 8 Presentation of Certificates, Closing Ceremony

            • Video

              This video is about the ITIC Training Programme in the Caribbean during 2013 and 2014.